Tag Archives: Sequence

Difference between Sequence and Identity in Sql Server

Below table lists out the major difference between SEQUENCE and IDENTITY in Sql Server

[ALSO READ] Introduction to Sequence

SEQUENCE IDENTITY
Sequence object is introduced in Sql Server 2012 Identity Column property is introduced in Sql Server 6.0
Sequence is a user-defined database object and as name suggests it generates sequence of numeric values according to the properties with which it is created Identity property is a table column property. It is also used to generate a sequence of numbers according to the properties with which it is created
Sequence object can be shared across multiple tables Identity property is tied to a Table
Sequence object can be used to generate database-wide sequential number across multiple tables. Identity property can be used to generate a sequence numbers at a table level
A sequence is created independently of the tables by using the CREATE SEQUENCE statement Identity property can be specified for a table column in CREATE TABLE or ALTER TABLE statement
Syntax:

CREATE SEQUENCE 
  [schema_name.]sequence_name
[ AS [built_in_integer_type 
    | user-defined_integer_type]]
[ START WITH <constant>]
[ INCREMENT BY <constant>]
[ { MINVALUE [<constant>] } 
    | { NO MINVALUE } ]
[ { MAXVALUE [<constant>] }
    | { NO MAXVALUE } ]
[ CYCLE | { NO CYCLE } ]
[ { CACHE [<constant>] } 
   | { NO CACHE } ]
[ ; ]

Where:
Start with: Initial value to start with sequence.
Increment by: Step by which the values will get incremented or decremented.
Minvalue: Minimum value of the sequence.
Maxvalue: Maximum value of the sequence.
Cycle / No Cycle: To recycle the sequence once it reaches to the maximum or minimum (if increment by is a negative number).
Cache / No Cache: To pre-allocate the number of sequences specified by the given value.

Syntax:

IDENTITY [ (seed , increment) ]

Where:
Seed: Initial value to start with
Increment: Step by which the values will get incremented or decremented each time.

Below is simple example of creating a sequence with Initial value 1 and Increment by 1

CREATE SEQUENCE 
  [DBO].[SequenceExample] AS INT
 START WITH 1
 INCREMENT BY 1
GO
Below is an example of creating a customer table with identity column Id with initial value as 1 and increment by 1

CREATE TABLE dbo.Customer
( Id INT IDENTITY(1,1),
  Name	NVARCHAR(50) )
GO
We can get the next sequence value by using NEXT VALUE FOR function without needing to insert a record to the table
Example: Getting Next Sequence Value in A SELECT Statement without inserting a record

SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR
 DBO.SequenceExample) AS SeqValue

RESULT:
Sequence in Sql Server

Only way to generate the next identity value is by inserting a record to the table in which the identity column is defined.
Example: Insert a record to get the next identity value

INSERT INTO dbo.Customer (Name)
VALUES('Basavaraj Biradar')
GO
SELECT SCOPE_IDENTITY()
GO
SELECT * FROM dbo.Customer

RESULT:
Sequence in Sql Server 1

We can use a script like below to get the sequence object’s current value:

SELECT Current_Value 
FROM Sys.Sequences 
WHERE name='SequenceExample'

Sequence current value

We can use a script like below to get the identity columns current value (i.e. last identity value generated as a result of insert):

SELECT IDENT_CURRENT('Customer') 
 AS 'Identity Current value'

Identity Column Current value

Sequence object provides an option to reset the current sequence value as-well as the increment step size

ALTER SEQUENCE 
 dbo.SequenceExample
RESTART WITH 20
INCREMENT BY 2
GO

Sequence reseeding example 2

Column identity property current value can be reseeded but not it’s increment step size
Example: The following script resets the Customer tables current identity value to 20.

DBCC 
CHECKIDENT('Customer', RESEED,20)

Sequence reseeding example 1

Sequence object provides an option to define the maximum sequence value. If it is not specified, by default it takes the maximum value of the Sequence object data type.

Example: Below script creates a sequence object with maximum value as 2

CREATE SEQUENCE
  [dbo].[SequenceMax] AS INT
 START WITH 1
 INCREMENT BY 1
 MAXVALUE 2
GO

Once the Sequence maximum value is reached the request for the next sequence value results in the following error message:
Msg 11728, Level 16, State 1, Line 2
The sequence object ‘SequenceMax’ has reached its minimum or maximum value. Restart the sequence object to allow new values to be generated.

Identity column property doesn’t provide an option to define the maximum identity value, it always to takes maximum value corresponding to the identity columns data type
Sequence object provides an option of automatic restarting of the Sequence values.If during Sequence object creation the CYCLE option is specified, then once the sequence object reaches maximum/minimum value it will restarts from the specified minimum/maximum value.

Example: Create  a sequence object with CYCLE option which starts with 1 and when Sequence max value 2 is reached it will restart with minimum value 1.

CREATE SEQUENCE [dbo].[SeqCycle]
 AS INT
START WITH 1
INCREMENT BY 1
MINVALUE 1
MAXVALUE 2
CYCLE
GO

Let us check how the Sequence values are recycled by calling the NEXT VALUE FOR function for the 3 times as below:

SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR
  dbo.SeqCycle) AS SeqValue
GO 3

RESULT:
Sequence Cycle example Sql Server

Identity property doesn’t provides an option for the automatic restarting of the identity values
Sequence object provides sp_sequence_get_range to get multiple sequence numbers at once. Identity column property doesn’t provide an option to get multiple values.
Sequence object provides an option to enable caching, which greatly increases the performance by reducing the disk IO required to generate the next sequence value. CACHE property allows to define cache size, by default caching is disabled.

To Sequence CACHE management and internals you may like to go through the article: Sequence Cache management and Internals

Identity property doesn’t provide an option to enable/diable the cache management and also to define the cache size.

[ALSO READ] Sequence related articles

Introduction to Sequence
Sequence limitations and restrictions
Sequence Cache management and Internals

[ALSO READ] Differences

Sequence Cache management and Internals – Sql Server 2012

This article basically focuses on the Sequence Cache Management and it’s internals. To know Sequence basics and it’s limitations you may like to visit the articles: Sequence Introduction with Extensive List of examples and Sequence Limitations and restrictions with Extensive List of examples

Sql Server provides option to specify the CACHING options while Creating/Altering Sequence. Basically Sequence created with CACHE option improves the performance by reducing the number of disk IOs that are required to generate sequence numbers.

SEQUENCE CACHE Property:

[ CACHE [<constant> ] | NO CACHE ]

WHERE:

CACHE [<constant> ]: This property can be specified if we want the Sequence with caching enabled, where <constant> is the CACHE size. If the Sequence is Created without specifying CACHE Property then by DEFAULT Sql Server creates the Sequence with CACHING option enabled and as per MSDN the Database Engine will select a size. However, users should not rely upon the selection of the CACHE size being consistent, so it is always advisable to define the required CACHE size if we want to have Sequence Caching instead of relying on the default.

NO CACHE: We can specify this option if we don’t want the Sequence to use the CACHING.

[ALSO READ] :New Features in Sql Server 2012

Let us understand in detail the Performance implications of Creating a Sequence with NO CACHE option or with CACHE enabled option.

SEQUENCE WITHOUT CACHING (i.e. Sequence created with NO CACHE option):

Below diagram demonstrates the steps are performed by Sql Server whenever Next Value is requested from a Sequence object created with NO CACHE option

Sequence with NO CACHE

So, it is clear from the above diagram that, if Sequence object created with NO CACHE option each time a next sequence value is requested it will write the calculated value to the system table before returning it to the calling statement.

[ALSO READ] Introduction to Sequence

SEQUENCE WITH CACHING:

Sequence created with CACHE option improves the performance by minimizing the no of writes to the System table for the generation of the Sequence number. In case of a sequence object created with NO CACHE option each time a next sequence value is requested, it will write the calculated value to the system table before returning it to the calling statement. But if sequence is created with CACHE of Size 50, it will write to the System table only after each 50 sequence values are served.

[ALSO READ] Sequence Vs Identity

Internals of Cache management
For a sequence object which is created with CACHE option, it will not pre-allocate the number of sequence numbers specified by the CACHE argument. Instead CACHE is maintained by two In-Memory variables one for tracking the Sequence Current Value another for the number of values left in the cache. So for sequence CACHE management the memory used will always be two instances of the data type of the Sequence object. For example, if a cache size of 50 is chosen, SQL Server does not keep 50 individual values cached. It only caches the current value and the number of values left in the cache. This means that the amount of memory required to store the cache is always two instances of the data type of the sequence object.

CACHE Management By Two In-Memory Variables

Following steps are performed by Sql Server whenever Next Value is requested from a Sequence object created with CACHING enabled option:

Sequence With CACHING Enabled

[ALSO READ] SEQUENCE Limitations and Restrictions

Let us understand this Sequence Cache Management Internals with an example:

Create the Sequence object SequenceExample with CACHE size as 50 as below:

CREATE SEQUENCE dbo.SequenceExample AS INT
    START WITH 1
    INCREMENT BY 1 
    CACHE 50;
GO

Let us request the first value from the Sequence object SequenceExample and verify that the last cached value 50 (because cache size is 50 and start value is 1 and increment value of the sequence is 1) is written to the system tables on the disk.

--Get First Sequence Value
SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR dbo.SequenceEx) As NextSeqValue
--Verify the CACHE size 
SELECT * FROM SYS.SYSSCHOBJS 
WHERE ID = OBJECT_ID('dbo.SequenceEx')
--Verify the Last CACHED value written to the system table
SELECT * FROM SYS.SYSOBJVALUES 
WHERE OBJID = OBJECT_ID('dbo.SequenceEx')

Sequence Last CACHED VALUE

From the above queries it is clear that when the first value is requested from the sequence, values 1 through 50 are made available from the two in-memory variables. The last cached value 50 is written to the system tables on the disk.

Now let us verify whether next sequence value 2 through 50 are made available from the two in-memory variables and no updates happen to the system table by using the below queries.


Second Sequence Value

From the above queries results it is clear that no updates happened to the system tables when next sequence value is requested. This holds for all the next values till the sequence value 50.

By using the below queries read the sequence values from 3 through 50.

--Get sequence values from 3 to 50
SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR dbo.SequenceEx) As NextSeqValue
GO 48

Now the request for the next sequence value i.e. 51 will cause the cache to be allocated again. The new last cached value 100 will be written to the system tables. Let us verify this using the below queries:

Sequence New Last Cached Value

From the results of the above queries it is clear that the request for the sequence value 51 causes the cache to be allocated again. The new last cached value 100 is written to the system tables.

If the Database Engine is stopped after you use 55 numbers, the next intended sequence number in memory 56 is written to the system tables, replacing the previously stored number 100 before database engine is stopped.

After SQL Server restarts and a sequence number is needed, the starting number is read from the system table 56. The cache amount of 50 numbers (56-106) is allocated to memory and the new last cached value 106 is written to the system tables.

If the Database Engine stops abnormally say for example due to power failure (To simulate this you can go to task manager and kill the Sql Server process, please don’t try this on production database). As the last sequence value we have read is the 56, so next sequence value expected is 57 but instead of 57 it will return 107. Any sequence numbers allocated to memory (but never requested by a user or application) are lost. This functionality may leave gaps, but guarantees that the same value will never be issued two times for a single sequence object unless it is defined as CYCLE or is manually restarted.

[ALSO READ] :
SEQUENCE IN SQL SERVER 2012
SEQUENCE Limitations and Restrictions
Sequence Vs Identity
New Features in Sql Server 2012

SEQUENCE Limitations and restrictions – Sql Server 2012

This article basically focuses on the Sequence Limitations and Restrictions with extensive list of example. To know Sequence basics and Sequence Cache Management and internals you may like to visit the articles: Sequence Introduction with Extensive List of examples and Sequence Cache Management and Internals with examples.

In this article let us understand on the limitations and restrictions on the usage of Sequences when using it in queries. Let us understand some of these major limitations with below extensive list of examples.

To demonstrate the limitations let us create a Sequence and a table as below:

--Create A DataBase for Demo 
CREATE DATABASE SqlHintsDemoDB
GO
USE SqlHintsDemoDB
GO
--Create a Sequence with Initial value 1 and Increment by 1
CREATE SEQUENCE [DBO].[SequenceExample] AS INT
 START WITH 1
 INCREMENT BY 1
GO
--Create Employee Table
CREATE TABLE dbo.Employee(ID INT,Name VARCHAR(100))
GO
-- INSERT RECORDS to the Employee table with Sequence object
INSERT INTO dbo.Employee VALUES
 (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample,'BASAV'),
 (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample,'SHREE'),
 (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample,'PRATHAM')
GO

The NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used in the following situations:
1) In a statement using the DISTINCT, UNION, UNION ALL, EXCEPT or INTERSECT operator.

SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample)
UNION
SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample)
GO

RESULT:

Msg 11721, Level 15, State 1, Line 1
NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used directly in a statement that uses a DISTINCT, UNION, UNION ALL, EXCEPT or INTERSECT operator.

2) In a statement using the ORDER BY clause unless NEXT VALUE FOR … OVER (ORDER BY …) is used.

SELECT NAME, (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample) SeqValue
FROM dbo.Employee
ORDER BY NAME
GO

RESULT:

Msg 11723, Level 15, State 1, Line 1
NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used directly in a statement that contains an ORDER BY clause unless the OVER clause is specified.

3) In a statement using TOP, OFFSET, or when the ROWCOUNT option is set.

SELECT TOP 10  (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample)
GO

RESULT:

Msg 11739, Level 15, State 1, Line 1
NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used if ROWCOUNT option has been set, or the query contains TOP or OFFSET.

4) In conditional expressions using CASE, CHOOSE, COALESCE, IIF, ISNULL, or NULLIF.

DECLARE @v INT
SELECT ISNULL(@v,(NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample))
GO

RESULT:

Msg 11741, Level 15, State 1, Line 2
NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used within CASE, CHOOSE, COALESCE, IIF, ISNULL and NULLIF.

5) In the WHERE clause of a statement.

SELECT *
FROM dbo.Employee
WHERE ID = (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample)
GO

RESULT:

Msg 11720, Level 15, State 1, Line 3
NEXT VALUE FOR function is not allowed in the TOP, OVER, OUTPUT, ON, WHERE, GROUP BY, HAVING, or ORDER BY clauses.

Below table lists few more situations where NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used:

Sl. No. Limitation/Restriction of using NEXT VALUE FOR function
1 In views, in user-defined functions, or in computed columns.
2 As an argument to a table-valued function.
3 As an argument to an aggregate function.
4 In the following clauses: FETCH, OVER, OUTPUT, ON, PIVOT, UNPIVOT, GROUP BY, HAVING, COMPUTE, COMPUTE BY, or FOR XML.
5 When a database is in read-only mode.
6 In subqueries including common table expressions and derived tables.
7 In a MERGE statement. (Except when the NEXT VALUE FOR function is used in a default constraint in the target table and default is used in the CREATE statement of the MERGE statement.)
8 In the definition of a check constraint.
9 In the definition of a rule or default object. (It can be used in a default constraint.)
10 As a default in a user-defined table type.
11 In a VALUES clause that is not part of an INSERT statement.

Below table lists out the list of error message that Sql Server may return while working with sequences:

We can use query like below to get this list:

SELECT message_id 'ERROR No.',text 'ERROR Description'
FROM SYS.messages
WHERE language_id = 1033 
  AND message_id between 11700 and 11742
ERROR No. ERROR Description
11700 The increment for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ cannot be zero.
11701 The absolute value of the increment for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ must be less than or equal to the difference between the minimum and maximum value of the sequence object.
11702 The sequence object ‘%.*ls’ must be of data type int, bigint, smallint, tinyint, or decimal or numeric with a scale of 0, or any user-defined data type that is based on one of the above integer data types.
11703 The start value for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ must be between the minimum and maximum value of the sequence object.
11704 The current value ‘%.*ls’ for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ must be between the minimum and maximum value of the sequence object.
11705 The minimum value for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ must be less than its maximum value.
11706 The cache size for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ must be greater than 0.
11707 The cache size for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ has been set to NO CACHE.
11708 An invalid value was specified for argument ‘%.*ls’ for the given data type.
11709 The ‘RESTART WITH’ argument cannot be used in a CREATE SEQUENCE statement.
11710 Argument ‘START WITH’ cannot be used in an ALTER SEQUENCE statement.
11711 Argument ‘AS’ cannot be used in an ALTER SEQUENCE statement.
11712 Argument ‘%.*ls’ can not be specified more than once.
11714 Invalid sequence name ‘%.*ls’.
11715 No properties specified for ALTER SEQUENCE.
11716 NEXT VALUE FOR function does not support the PARTITION BY clause.
11717 NEXT VALUE FOR function does not support the OVER clause in default constraints, UPDATE statements, or MERGE statements.
11718 NEXT VALUE FOR function does not support an empty OVER clause.
11719 NEXT VALUE FOR function is not allowed in check constraints, default objects, computed columns, views, user-defined functions, user-defined aggregates, user-defined table types, sub-queries, common table expressions, or derived tables.
11720 NEXT VALUE FOR function is not allowed in the TOP, OVER, OUTPUT, ON, WHERE, GROUP BY, HAVING, or ORDER BY clauses.
11721 NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used directly in a statement that uses a DISTINCT, UNION, UNION ALL, EXCEPT or INTERSECT operator.
11722 NEXT VALUE FOR function is not allowed in the WHEN MATCHED clause, the WHEN NOT MATCHED clause, or the WHEN NOT MATCHED BY SOURCE clause of a merge statement.
11723 NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used directly in a statement that contains an ORDER BY clause unless the OVER clause is specified.
11724 An expression that contains a NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be passed as an argument to a table-valued function.
11725 An expression that contains a NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be passed as an argument to an aggregate.
11726 Object ‘%.*ls’ is not a sequence object.
11727 NEXT VALUE FOR functions for a given sequence object must have exactly the same OVER clause definition.
11728 The sequence object ‘%.*ls’ has reached its minimum or maximum value. Restart the sequence object to allow new values to be generated.
11729 The sequence object ‘%.*ls’ cache size is greater than the number of available values; the cache size has been automatically set to accommodate the remaining sequence values.
11730 Database name cannot be specified for the sequence object in default constraints.
11731 A column that uses a sequence object in the default constraint must be present in the target columns list, if the same sequence object appears in a row constructor.
11732 The requested range for sequence object ‘%.*ls’ exceeds the maximum or minimum limit. Retry with a smaller range.
11733 Parameter ‘%.*ls’ must be a positive integer.
11734 NEXT VALUE FOR function is not allowed in the SELECT clause when the FROM clause contains a nested INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, or MERGE statement.
11735 The target table of the INSERT statement cannot have DEFAULT constraints using the NEXT VALUE FOR function when the FROM clause contains a nested INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, or MERGE statement.
11736 Only one instance of NEXT VALUE FOR function per sequence object is allowed in SET or SELECT with variable assignment.
11737 NEXT VALUE FOR function does not support the ROWS and RANGE clauses.
11738 The use of NEXT VALUE FOR function is not allowed in this context.
11739 NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used if ROWCOUNT option has been set, or the query contains TOP or OFFSET.
11740 NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used in a default constraint if ROWCOUNT option has been set, or the query contains TOP or OFFSET.
11741 NEXT VALUE FOR function cannot be used within CASE, CHOOSE, COALESCE, IIF, ISNULL and NULLIF.
11742 NEXT VALUE FOR function can only be used with MERGE if it is defined within a default constraint on the target table for insert actions.

SEQUENCE IN SQL SERVER 2012

This article basically focuses towards the introduction of Sequences with extensive list of examples. To know about Sequence Limitations and Sequence Cache Management and internals you may like to visit the articles: Sequence Limitations and restrictions with Extensive List of examples and Sequence Cache Management and Internals with examples.

SEQUENCE is one of the new feature introduced in Sql Server 2012. Sequence is a user-defined object and as name suggests it generates sequence of numeric values according to the properties with which it is created. It is similar to Identity column, but there are many difference between them. Some of the major differences between them are:

  • Sequence is used to generate database-wide sequential number, but identity column is tied to a table.
  • Sequence is not associated with a table.
  • Same sequence can be used in multiple tables.
  • It can be used in insert statement to insert identity values, it can also be used in T-Sql Scripts.

[ALSO READ] Sequence Vs Identity

Now let us understand the sequence concept using below extensive list of examples:

Create a Sequence with Initial value 1 and Increment by 1

CREATE SEQUENCE [DBO].[SequenceExample] AS INT
 START WITH 1
 INCREMENT BY 1
GO

Using Sequence in an Insert Statement

CREATE TABLE dbo.Employee(ID INT,Name VARCHAR(100))
GO
--Insert records into Employee table with Sequence object
INSERT INTO dbo.Employee VALUES
(NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample,'BASAVARAJ BIRADAR'), 
(NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample,'SHREE BIRADAR'),
(NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample,'PRATHAM BIRADAR')
GO
-- CHECK THE RECORDS INSERTED IN THE TABLE
SELECT * FROM dbo.Employee WITH(NOLOCK)
GO

Result:
ID Name
———– —————————–
1 BASAVARAJ BIRADAR
2 SHREE BIRADAR
3 PRATHAM BIRADAR

Associate Sequence object to a table

CREATE TABLE dbo.Customer
(ID INT DEFAULT(NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample),
                               Name VARCHAR(100))
GO
INSERT INTO dbo.Customer(Name)
VALUES('PINKU BIRADAR'),
('MONTY BIRADAR')
GO
-- CHECK THE RECORDS INSERTED IN THE TABLE
SELECT * FROM dbo.Customer WITH(NOLOCK)
GO

Result:
ID Name
———– —————————–
4 PINKU BIRADAR
5 MONTY BIRADAR

[ALSO READ]: SEQUENCE Limitations and Restrictions

Getting Next Sequence Value in A SELECT Statement

SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample) 
                            AS SequenceValue
GO 3

Note: Here GO 3 statement executes the statement above it 3 times.

Result:
Beginning execution loop
———–
6
(1 row(s) affected)

———–
7
(1 row(s) affected)

———–
8
(1 row(s) affected)
Batch execution completed 3 times.

[ALSO READ]: Sequence Cache management and Internals

Getting Sequence Next Value in a variable

DECLARE @EmpID AS INT 
        = NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample
SELECT @EmpID AS 'Employee Id'

Result:
Employee Id
———–
9

Re-Setting the Sequence Number

ALTER SEQUENCE DBO.SequenceExample
RESTART WITH 1 ;
GO
-- Verify whether sequence number is re-set
SELECT (NEXT VALUE FOR DBO.SequenceExample) 
                           AS SequenceValue
GO

Result:

SequenceValue
———–
1

How to get the current value of the Sequence

SELECT Current_Value 
FROM SYS.Sequences 
WHERE name='SequenceExample'
GO

Result:
Current_Value
———————————
1

Create Sequence Syntax:

CREATE SEQUENCE [schema_name . ] sequence_name
 [ AS [built_in_integer_type | user-defined_integer_type]]
 [ START WITH  ]
 [ INCREMENT BY  ]
 [ { MINVALUE [  ] } | { NO MINVALUE } ]
 [ { MAXVALUE [  ] } | { NO MAXVALUE } ]
 [ CYCLE | { NO CYCLE } ]
 [ { CACHE [  ] } | { NO CACHE } ]
 [ ; ]

Where:
Start with:             the initial value to start with sequence.
Increment by:   the step by which the values will get incremented or decremented.
Minvalue:              the minimum value of the sequence.
Maxvalue:             the maximum value of the sequence.
Cycle / No Cycle:  to recycle the sequence once it reaches to the maximum or minimum (if increment by is a negative number).
Cache / No Cache:  to pre-allocate the number of sequences specified by the given value.

[ALSO READ]:
SEQUENCE Limitations and Restrictions
Sequence Cache management and Internals